Privacy Policy 9. Q1. Coordination can be classified into two types: This means coordinating the work of the internal part of the organisation. Coordination is the combination of all efforts, activities and forces that operate and interact within and outside enterprise. 1. This principle if implemented properly would bring success to the organisation. (ii) To learn from the chief executive about new problems and developments which affect their work. Coordination through Organizational Process: Suitable organizational process achieves coordination. Personal contact is, rather, impossible and formal methods of coordination become essential. Lack of administrative skills and adequate knowledge of required techniques on the part of managers also limit the degree of co­ordination in any organisation. Direct Contact: One of the most effective means of achieving coordination is direct contact.Written communication, modern electronic, mechanical devices, etc., can also be used. 1.3 Problem Statement The coordination mechanism between headquarters and subsidiaries is a key to drive Another important technique of achieving coordination is through personal contact. Their efforts need to be integrated if the services of such experts are to be utilised fully. Greater the interdependence, greater is the need for coordination. Internal uncertainties like strikes and lockouts also make coordination difficult. Types of co-ordination: The co-ordination may be divided on different bases, namely; 1. A key to coordinating within different layers of management is communication. For example, production executives might be more interested in producing high-quality, high-priced items. In the words of Dalton E. McFarland, “The concept of coordination is basically inseparable from that of leadership, so that to speak of either one is to imply the existence of the other. To act in one area is also to act in the other.” While leadership is an ability to inspire, direct, influence and persuades the people in the organisation for accomplishing the common goals, coordination is the process of synchronising and unifying the efforts of the people within an organisation. Types of Coordination. 2. But, in special situations, these meetings may not be organised in time. Activities belonging to different groups are performed by different groups of people who work under different managers. Co-ordination is vertical, horizontal, internal and also external, i.e., between the enterprise and the stakeholders, viz. Reciprocity – Co-ordination should be regarded as a reciprocal relating to all factors in the situation, viz., production, sales, finances, men and management. To eliminate such a situation, coordination is essential which can be best achieved by periodic group meetings and conferences of departmental heads. Individuals act in his own way to achieve his own goals and don’t give any due consideration to organizational goals. This nurtures a good personal relationship between them and enables to remove conflicts and misunderstandings that might develop during the course of work. Unprecedented changes can result in failure of plans making coordination difficult. The efforts, energies and skills of various persons should be integrated as group efforts to achieve the objectives of organization. Without coordination efforts of individuals cannot be united and integrated; that is why while performing various activities in the organisation managers deliberately perform coordination function. 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