[52] Minor Forest Produce (MFP), such as tendu leaves used to roll beedi, sal seed, teak seed, and lak also contribute to state's rural economy. The total population growth in this decade was 20.35 percent while in previous decade it was 24.34 percent. While the Congress party is aiming to cash in on anti-incumbency and end its 15-year vanvaas (exile), the BJP is hoping to consolidate its position further, and make the state its fortress. [41] The state's per-capita gross state domestic product (nominal GDP) is the fourth lowest in the country (2010–11).[42]. In the 1540s, most parts of the state fell to Sher Shah Suri, and subsequently to the Hindu king Hemu. The land drained by these rivers is agriculturally rich, with the natural vegetation largely consisting of grass and dry deciduous forest types, largely thorny. Ken-gharial and Son-gharial sanctuaries are managed for conservation of gharial and mugger. In 2013, state govt declared Mallakhamba as the state sport.[61]. All the sovereign states in the region became princely states of British India, governed by the Central India Agency. It has a population of about 199,581,477 as per the 2011 census. In English Times of India, Hindustan Times, The Hitavada, Central Chronicle and Free Press have editions from Bhopal with The Hitavada also being in Jabalpur. The Godavari basin consists of sub-tropical, semi-moist forests, mainly in the valley of the Indrawati. The Singrauli region on the eastern end of Madhya Pradesh is a major energy producer enclave for the country. This page was last edited on 3 January 2021, at 10:21. Subsequently, the region was ruled by the major dynasties of India. Devi Ahilyabai Holkar Airport in Indore is the busiest airport in Madhya Pradesh. Madhya Pradesh has 5 Special Economic Zones (SEZs): 3 IT/ITeS (Indore, Gwalior), 1 mineral-based (Jabalpur) and 1 agro-based (Jabalpur). The king Yasodharman of Malwa defeated the Huns in 528, ending their expansion. Ujjain emerged as the predominant commercial centre of western India from the first century BCE, located on the trade routes between the Ganges plain and India's Arabian Sea ports. The Narmada–Tapti systems carry an enormous volume of water and provide drainage for almost a quarter of the land area of Madhya Pradesh. The state has a total installed power generation capacity of 24950.60 MW as of 30 November 2020. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Madhya Pradesh Population by Religion. Per capita forest area is 2,400 m2 (0.59 acres) as against the national average of 700 m2 (0.17 acres). Ashoka the greatest of Mauryan rulers brought the region under firmer control. It borders the states of Uttar Pradesh to the north-east, Chhattisgarh to the south-east, Maharashtra to the south, Gujarat to the west, and Rajasthan to the northwest. [15] Painted pottery dated to the later mesolithic period has been found in the Bhimbetka rock shelters. Besides the major cities, Bhedaghat, Jabalpur, Bhimbetka, Bhojpur, Maheshwar, Mandu, Orchha, Pachmarhi, Kanha, Amarkantak and Ujjain, Tumen Vindhyavasini temple ancient temple. Each of these languages has dialects of its own. The density of Madhya Pradesh state … [52], Seven Cities of Madhya Pradesh Bhopal, Indore, Gwalior, Jabalpur, Satna, Ujjain, and Sagar have been selected under Smart cities mission[58][59]. Madhya Pradesh ranks very low on the Human Development Index value of 0.375 (2011), which is below the national average. [52] Indore is the major commercial centre of the state. Madhya Pradesh Literacy Rate 2011. Madhya Pradesh: Losing Caste. Heliodorus, the Greek Ambassador to the court of the Shunga king Bhagabhadra erected the Heliodorus pillar near Vidisha. Most of the sea trade happens through the Kandla and Jawaharlal Nehru Port (Nhava Sheva) in the neighbouring states, which are well-connected to MP by road and rail networks. Madhya Pradesh has a subtropical climate with a hot dry summer (April–June), followed by monsoon rains (July–September) and a cool and relatively dry winter. Madhya Pradesh meaning Central Province is a state in central India. The small Gond kingdoms emerged in the Gondwana and Mahakoshal regions of the state. Out of which 700,358 are males while 631,239 are females. Hindu constitutes 95.73%, Muslim 3.05%, Jain 1.08%, Christian … ... SAPAKS founder president Lalit Shastri says the BJP is the prime target in Madhya Pradesh because no other CM has "taunted the general castes" like Chouhan has. The Scheduled Caste (SC) population of the State as per 2001 census, is The total area of Madhya Pradesh is 308252 sq.km with population density of 236 per sq.km. All the rivers, which drain into the Ganges, flow from south to north, with the Chambal, Shipra, Kali Sindh, Parbati, Kuno, Sind, Betwa, Dhasan and Ken rivers being the main tributaries of the Yamuna. It has served as the capital of the Avanti kingdom Tejas. Socio- Economic Caste Census for ITI Limited (ITI), Madhya Pradesh, India By implementing Socio-Economic Caste Census (SECC), Vayam assisted ITI in data collection on door to door basis for four Districts namely Indore, Jhabua, Dhar and Barwani of Madhya Pradesh. In addition Marathi is spoken by a substantial number of the population since the state was home to several important and prestigious Maratha states. There are 15.62% Scheduled Caste (SC) and 21.09% Scheduled Tribe (ST) of total population in Madhya Pradesh. Its tourism industry has seen considerable growth, with the state topping the National Tourism Awards in 2010–11. [18], Subsequently, the region came under the control of the Gupta empire in the 4th and 5th centuries, and their southern neighbours, the Vakataka's. Till 2003, Madhya Pradesh politics was dominated by the upper castes. Male 76.06% and Female 50.29%; Madhya Pradesh Population Density 2011 – Census 2021 data will be updated in 2020-2021 Get here the details and statistics about the people of Andhra Pradesh. Find Uttar Pradesh UP Caste Religion Wise population Demographics of Uttar Pradesh 2018 2019, General Caste List, Yadavs in UP, Dalits, Brahmins in Uttar Pradesh Religion wise population, Uttar Pradesh Population, Uttar Pradesh Population and Census, Religion in UttarPradesh, Uttar Pradesh Basic Information, Uttar Pradesh Hindu Muslim SC ST Yadav Brahmin Population Percentage, … Southern parts of Madhya Pradesh like Malwa were several times invaded by the south Indian Western Chalukya Empire which imposed its rule on the Paramara kingdom of Malwa. This south facing Ashok Nagar district located in Tuman (Tumvn). [49] Between 1999 and 2008, the annualised growth rate of the state was very low: 3.5%. 697,219 people has not stated their religion according to 2011 census. The Tapti River runs parallel to Narmada, and also flows through a rift valley. The Madhya Pradesh Electric Board is located at Jabalpur. [54] The project was commissioned with 750 MW capacity in December 2019.[55]. The Satavahana king Gautamiputra Satakarni inflicted a crushing defeat upon the Saka rulers and conquered parts of Malwa and Gujarat in the 2nd century CE. Out of total population, 72.37% of population lives in Urban area and 27.63% lives in Rural area. Besides these, there were several other small states, including Bhopal, Orchha, and Rewa. List of all Tehsils in Gwalior District of Madhya Pradesh. 2011: Literacy rate in Madhya Pradesh is 69.32 percent as per 2011 population census. Other architecturally significant or scenic sites include Male literacy is 78.73 percent. Christian, Buddhism, Jainism are the accounted less than 1%. [52], The state has the largest reserves of diamond and copper in India. The icon links to further information about a selected place including its population structure (gender, urbanization, population group, literacy (a7+), activity status (a7+)). Madhya Pradesh Latest 2019 Caste/Religion Wise population demographics and Census Information before Assembly Elections. The 99,043-kilometre-long (61,542 mi) road network of the state includes 20 national highways. There are also a number of nature reserves, including Amarkantak, Bagh Caves, Balaghat, Bori Natural Reserve, Ken Gharial, Ghatigaon, Kuno Palpur, Narwar, Chambal, Kukdeshwar, Narsinghgarh, Nora Dehi, Pachmarhi, Panpatha, Shikarganj, Patalkot, and Tamia. Madhya Pradesh is noted for its classical and folk music. In the November 2018 state elections, the INC became the single largest party with 114 seats, defeating BJP which won 109 seats. The area has more than 10000 MW installed capacity for energy production. [48], Madhya Pradesh's gross state domestic product (nominal GDP) for 2013–14 was ₹ 4,509 billion (approximately US$ 72,726,000,000). [56][57], The urban infrastructure has improved considerably in the past decade. The Scheduled Caste population of the state is 15.6 percent of the total population of … Female literacy is 59.24 percent. The official language of the state is Hindi. The state has a total of 20 major railway junctions. Out of which 1090327 are males while 941709 are females. The following languages are taught in schools in Madhya Pradesh under the Three Language Formula:[44], According to the census of 2011, 90.89% of the MP residents followed Hinduism, while others are Muslim (6.57%), Jain (0.78%), Buddhists (0.29%), Christians (0.29%), and Sikhs (0.20%).[45]. Most of them are located in eastern Madhya Pradesh near Jabalpur. In Khargone, Chhindwara, Seoni, Sidhi, Singrauli and Shahdol districts 30–50 percent population is of tribes. Dhar, Jhabua and Mandla districts have more than 50 percent tribal population. The population development of all urban agglomerations and single cities in Madhya Pradesh with more than 20,000 inhabitants by census years. The specialised universities include Rajiv Gandhi Technical University, Madhya Pradesh Medical Science University, Jawaharlal Nehru Agriculture University and Nanaji Deshmukh Veterinary Science University. Do you want to know which caste is more powerful in Andhra Pradesh? Madhya Pradesh won the 10th National Award for excellent work in Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, 2005. Table 1: Distribution of population, sex ratio, density and decadal growth rate of population - State and District : 2011 (Format :xls, Size : 29 kB ) 18. Name Abbr. The Burhar city is divided into 15 wards for which elections are held every 5 years. of India for Madhya Pradesh state reveal that population of Madhya Pradesh has increased by 20.35% in this decade compared (2001-2011) to past decade (1991-2001). With over 75 million inhabitants, it is the fifth-largest state in India by population. 63% of the whole population are from general caste, 16% are from schedule caste and 21% are schedule tribes. Other languages include Bhilodi (Bhili), Gondi, Korku, Kalto (Nahali), and Nihali (Nahali), all spoken by Adivasis. Provisional Population of Madhya Pradesh in Census 2011 ( Format : pdf , Size : 2,016 kB ) 17. [50] Subsequently, the state's GDP growth rate has improved significantly, rising to 8% during 2010–11 and 12% during 2011–12.[51]. According to the 2009–10 figures, the state had 105,592 primary schools, 6,352 high schools, and 5,161 higher secondary schools. Chandragupta Maurya united northern India around 320 BCE, establishing the Mauryan Empire, which included all of modern-day Madhya Pradesh. In 2001, the figure was 5.87 percent. [26] It constitutes 12.30% of the forest area of India. In 2001, total population was 60,348,023 in which males were 31,443,652 while females were 28,904,371. Between 1720 and 1760, the Marathas took control of most of Madhya Pradesh, resulting in the establishment of semi-autonomous states under the nominal control of the Peshwa of Pune: the Holkars of Indore ruled much of Malwa, Pawars ruled Dewas and Dhar, the Bhonsles of Nagpur dominated Mahakoshal-Gondwana area, while the Scindias of Gwalior controlled the northern parts of the state. The state also sends 40 members to the Parliament of India: 29 are elected to the Lok Sabha (Lower House) and 11 to the Rajya Sabha (Upper House). Mandsaur district of Madhya Pradesh has total population of 1340411 as per the Census 2011. 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