The Restraint is rated for the full pressure of C900 PVC pipe. You don’t have to worry about tuberculation, or the need for costly lining, wrapping, coating, or cathodic protection. Bolt holes are aligned simply by rotating the independent flange ring into the desired position, and only the hubs need to be solvent cemented in place. Ring-Tite® / Enviro-Tite® SDR 35 & 28 PVC Pipe (PSM) and Fittings. Pressure PVC Pipe conforms to ASTM D 2241 for standard dimension ratios and is available in SDR 41 (100 psi), SDR 32.5 (125 psi), SDR 26 (160 psi), Without some of these cookies, the site simply wouldn't work for you. The top countries of suppliers are India, China, and Taiwan, China, from which the percentage of rubber ring for pvc pipe … PVC Pipe Supplies. Raven R1508 2 inch PVC Termination Vent with Stainless Steel Screen, 2" PVC 1-1/2" Trim Ring. pvc pipe ring. PVC Pipe & Fittings 548 results for PVC Pipe & Fittings. PVC I.P.S. Polymerizing Vinyl Chloride (PVC) Schedule 40, Union with O Ring Seal Fitting, Fitting Dimensions are 1/2 inch SOC X 1/2 inch SOC. LESSO Pvc Union With O-Ring Seal (Soc X Soc) 1/2 inch . We use cookies on our website to allow you to place orders and to provide the best user experience possible. They are used in gravity-fed waste elimination systems and are for Non-Pressure systems where temperatures will not exceed 140°F. — Available in Rubber Ring Joint (RRJ) PVC-M PIPE - SERIES 2 (RRJ) NB OD (mm) LENGTH MEAN ID (mm) PACK QTY PN12 PN16 PN18 PN20 100 122 6m 113.1 110.3 109.1 107.8 36 150 177 6m 164.8 160.8 159 157 18 200 232 6m 215.9 210.7 208.3 205.8 10 225 259 6m 241 235.1 232.5 229.7 8 PVC Pipe, Ring Fit Pipe & Plumbing Pipe Manufacturer offered by Swastik Trading Company from Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India Vinidex offers PVC-U rubber ring joint (RRJ) pipes in Polydex® Series 1 and Vinyl Iron® Series 2 configurations. Inspect each joint to ensure that the witness mark is just visible at the face of each socket. You can also choose from o ring rubber ring for pvc pipe There are 506 suppliers who sells rubber ring for pvc pipe on Alibaba.com, mainly located in Asia. Our backing rings are available in a range of different standards and are available to suit fittings from 1/2" to 8" in size. The ring will be made from PVC pipe, so you will need to buy/ find a piece that you ring finger fits well in. 110 PVC … Socket, PVC Sv Socket Dbl. Pressure Pipe & Fittings to AS/NZS 1477 PVC-U pressure pipe. (100 mm through 300 mm), for Water, Wastewater, and Reclaimed Water Service You can buy factory price pvc pipe ring from a great list of reliable China pvc pipe ring manufacturers, suppliers, traders or plants verified by a third-party inspector. If you cannot find a piece of pipe that fits right, get the piece the next size down from the one that is … O-Rings provide a quick, simple solution to securing connections between most 4” house pipe and 6” sewer pipe. This saves on overall handling costs and allows offering lower priced products. Source with confidence. 5 인치 컬러 Pvc 고무 링 조인트 파이프 , Find Complete Details about 5 인치 컬러 Pvc 고무 링 조인트 파이프,컬러 Pvc 파이프,5 인치 Pvc 파이프,고무 링 조인트 파이프 from Plastic Tubes Supplier or Manufacturer-Changzhou Paipu Technology Co., Ltd. Manufactured ASTM / CSA standards, the two products are identical except for Enviro-Tite having a … Our clients can avail from us Rubber Gasket Elastomeric Ring for UPVC Pipes,DI pipe,RCC pipes,GRP pipes. Ring-Tite PVC Sewer Pipe (PSM) DR35 4 - 42" (100 - 1050 mm) CSA B182.2 certified. They do not contain any plasticisers and hence are known as unplasticised PVC or PVC-U. A wide variety of pvc pipe ring options are available to you, such as casual/sporty. An in-line printer (10) marks the pipes at regular intervals, with The OD of 1/2″ PVC pipe from any manufacturer will always be within a fraction of a millimeter of the defined standard for PVC pipe. DIY- PVC ring gates (around $20 per 10’section) Needed for each 10’section of gating: (6) 10’PVC pipe ½”diameter (4) 45 degree PVC connectors ... You don’t need Sch. Feb 8, 2013 - Explore The Big A Word's board "PVC Pipe", followed by 7733 people on Pinterest. 110 PVC SV AIR VENT COWL S110AVC. PVC Pipe sizes are different than the size the pipe is called. JM Eagle SDR-32.5 PVC pipe, rated at 125 PSI; Solvent weld connections for pressure and non-pressure applicaitons; 20 feet in length with a belled end 11. Manufactured by IPEX Inc. BNQ NQ 3624-130 & 3624-135* Sanitary sewer Please refer to the Corrugated Pipe Adapter Data Sheet. Features. Wholesale pvc pipe ring products from pvc pipe ring wholesalers, You can wholesale pvc pipe, wholesale plastic pipe and more on Made-in-China.com. R59,02 incl tax. Special Contractor Pricing. Pipe restraint for MJ fittings, bell & spigot joints and bolted sleeve type couplings. Shop Online for Pressure Pipe - PVC - Products | Reece products or visit a branch to chat with one of our friendly staff about your Pressure Pipe - PVC - Products | Reece needs. Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) Pressure Pipe and Fabricated Fittings, 4-Inch through 60-Inch (100mm through 1500mm), For Water Transmission and Distribution AWWA C907 Injection-Molded Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) Pressure Fittings, 4 in. Shop Pressure Pipe - PVC - Products | Reece products at a Reece store near you. Nominal Sizes 14 - 30 inches. Split ring hangers are a type of pipe hanger similar to clevis hangers, loop hangers, and clamp hangers. If you require any further information, our excellent customer service team is here to help so please call us on 01794 835835. For connecting most 4” house pipe to 6” sewer pipe. Irrigation PVC pipe is unaffected by electrolytic or gal-vanic corrosion, or any known corrosive soil or water condition. Back to top. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. PVC. JM Eagle SDR-32.5 PVC pipe, rated at 125 PSI; Solvent weld connections for pressure and non-pressure applicaitons; 20 feet in length with a belled end hÞÌU[oÓ0þ+~B ±ùî$h+jÕ&mêCªª)´¡h“(ñÖñïñqc×íZØ&$xødÇçâsóNAœ¢q†’qn6fˆòH!.U„"®S‚ ¡Q%h0::Â]84{Ü+ëIVÁrÄF#|b¾ŒâŸâ3@8’*á«»oúg•áó¼ø¯a×-ŠRw:àºg…FqBq÷~z“Oô ¦ðIZfùt¦‚?d+µFîÏÓicÂÆý²Ð½^ù0œ˜È 1á&GVz™.2|/²æ2[ÊEZ¼í•ó >Óéw‹é. Search: Account. The random long chain molecules of PVC become preferentially aligned in the expansion or hoop direction and a marked increase in strength is attained in this direction. DWV Bend I/O; DWV Bend Plain; DWV Bend Plain M&F; DWV Junction Plain F&F; DWV Plain Coupling; DWV Push On Caps; DWV Socket Reducer; DWV Pipe. AQUAFLO PVC-U Pressure Pipe Unplasticised Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC-U) Pressure Pipe systems SANS 966 Part 1- 2014 (PVC-U) Heavy-Metal Free – Organic Product Range • Pressure Classes 4, 6, 9, 12, 16 and 20 Bar • Length Supplied in standard 6m lengths • Pipe Ends / Joints Spigot and socket pipe with intergral socket and rubber ring AMANZI-FLO PVC-M Pressure Pipe Modified … $32.69 As low as: $31.06 . Both Ductile Iron (DI) and PVC meet this requirement and are considered flexible 6 in. PIPE STIFFNESS EXPLAINED: PVC AND DUCTILE IRON Pipe stiffness is the measure of a flexible pipe’s resistance to deflection (ovalization) under load. For connecting most 4” house pipe to 6” sewer pipe. Pipe Compatibility PVC pipe Installs quickly and easily; Fits 4.20 thru 4.60 O.D. DWV Bend I/O; DWV Bend Plain; DWV Bend Plain M&F; DWV Junction Plain F&F; DWV Plain Coupling; DWV Push On Caps; DWV Socket Reducer; DWV Pipe. If you don’t find what you need contact us for a custom … Working Pressure Up to the pressure rating of the pipe. Ring-Tite PVC Sewer Pipe (PSM) DR35 4 - 60" (100 - 1500 mm) CSA B182.2 certified. Add To List Click to add item NIBCO® Hub x Spigot Soil Pipe PVC Adapter DWV to your list. BNQ NQ 3624-130 & 3624-135* Sanitary sewer 01. Manufactured by IPEX Inc. Other questions are about the fittings themselves and what they are meant for. Learn More About Our Warranty. The restraint is a split serrated ring with thrust rods that rod back to the fitting. The Series 19PF00 is designed for restraining ductile iron fittings supplied with restraining ears on AWWA C900 PVC Pipe. Add to cart. PVC comes in measurements that describe the outer diameter of the pipe. These questions often have to do with pipe fittings sizes and dimensions, which makes sense because those topics can be confusing! PVC-U PRESSURE PIPE SERIES 1 RUBBER RING JOINT (RRJ) (AS/NZS1477) PVC pressure pipes are manufactured in accordance to AS-1477 from PVC resin compounded with stabilisers, lubricants and pigments. ASTM F679. This keeps the weight down and is easier to cut. Yesterday, I discovered a website called Good Reads. 6 in. 110 - Waste Air - Vent Cowl Add to cart. These pipe gaskets have been specially designed and manufactured to meet all types of pipes. The top countries of suppliers are India, China, and Taiwan, China, from which the percentage of rubber ring for pvc pipe … For example, a 1 inch PVC Pipe is actually 1.315 inches in outside diameter, and 1.029 inches in inside diameter. You can also choose from o ring rubber ring for pvc pipe There are 506 suppliers who sells rubber ring for pvc pipe on Alibaba.com, mainly located in Asia. 110 - Holderbat - AL Add to cart. Compatibility and general pipe fitting knowledge can be overwhelming to someone who … PVC comes in measurements that describe the outer diameter of the pipe. DWV PVC Pipe Increaser Reducer Bush PVC fittings are for drain, waste and vent PVC fittings are for drain, waste and vent purposes. uxcell 63-64mm Pipe Cover Decoration PP Radiator Escutcheon Water Pipe Wall Cover White 2 Pcs. You can also choose from engagement bands or rings pvc pipe ring, as well as from third party appraisal pvc pipe ring There are 4,304 suppliers who sells pvc pipe ring on Alibaba.com, mainly located in Asia. Properties, dimensions and standards PVC-U PIPE AND FITTINGS – SERIES 1. For 40 years, we have been committed to the design and manufacture of valves and fittings made from thermoplastic material including PVC, ABS, PE and PPH. ASTM D3034. We offer copper pipes for HVAC systems or for moving hot water and those made of schedule 40 and schedule 80 PVC for cool water and drainage. Click now for PVC Backing Ring Flanges with top discounts! China PVC Rubber Ring Joint Fittings catalog of Bsen1452 Pn10 PVC Rubber Ring Joint Fittings for Water Supply, PVC Rubber Ring Joint Reducer for Water Supply provided by China manufacturer - CHANGZHOU XITA PLASTIC CO., LTD., page1. Position it so that the ring will be in the middle of the structure’s wall thickness. The most important thing when working with PVC pipe and fittings is the nominal size. DIY- PVC ring gates (around $20 per 10’section) Needed for each 10’section of gating: (6) 10’PVC pipe ½”diameter (4) 45 degree PVC connectors (2) PVC “T”connectors … For further information on PVC Pressure installation please refer to our PVC Pressure Pipe Technical Resources. Don't forget to buy your flanges, gaskets and bolt sets. The ring will be made from PVC pipe, so you will need to buy/ find a piece that you ring finger fits well in. Add to Cart the size range and PVC’s advantage grows as pipe size increases. You can view our cookie policy here or change your browser cookies settings at any time. PVC … If you have questions about split ring hangers or any of our other products, please feel free to contact us at (866) 777-7990 ! Looking for pvc pipe ring factory direct sale? Pressure Rated Pipe DR 41/DR 32.5/DR 26/DR 21/ DR 17 Pressure Rated 100, 125, 160, 200 and 250 psi Ring-Tite Joint 1.5" - 12" For Use In Rural, Agricultural Water Systems and Other Services. This type of hanger is shaped like a ring that is split in the middle. PVC PC235 pipe has more pipe stiffness (and therefore will deflect less) than DI PC250 pipe. Fit the Waterstop Grouting Ring around the outside diameter of the pipe. A flexible pipe is any pipe that can deflect 2% without suffering damage. If you cannot find a piece of pipe that fits right, get the piece the next size down from the … Same in-stock item available for same-day delivery or collection, including GST and delivery charges. Of course, since the outside diameter of a pipe mates up with the inside diameter (“ID”) of a fitting like a coupler or a tee, the ID of a 1/2″ fitting from any manufacturer will also be effectively constant. Next day delivery available & no minimum order - Buy PVCu Flange Sets online today - Pipestock Installation of PVC pipe systems. My Account; My Wishlist; My Cart; Checkout ... 4" Closet Flange Ring H DWV Fitting, D811-040 D811040. When you find a competitor's lower price on the same stocked item, we'll beat it by 15 % This excludes trade quotes, stock liquidations and commercial quantities. At PVC Fittings Online we offer a selection of different pipe support products and more are being added all the time. Best Shipping Rates. PVC Pipe for Water. PVC Pipe, PVC Fittings, PVC Valves (806) 722-0086. Posted on July 11, 2013 by blaiseangel413. Size Range. See More + The Supermain ® manufacturing process comprises of two stages; the initial extrusion of a feedstock pipe followed by an expansion process which results in bi-axial molecular orientation of the material. Lowest Prices. With thicker, stronger walls than standard-wall pipe, this Schedule 80 pipe can handle heavy duty industrial plumbing and water supply applications, such as water processing, waste water treatment, and irrigation. There are also ABS pipes for a variety of applications. Brand: RING-TITE ®. PVC Schedule 80 Socket Van Stone Plastic Ring Flanges The two-piece design provides the advantage of instant alignment. Finding the right fittings and pipes is essential for completing plumbing projects, and it’s easy with our wide selection. We offer a wide range of other high performance PVC pipe systems, including our collection of PVC-O and PVC-M pipes for use in both pressure and non-pressure applications. Polyvinyl chloride (PVC), smooth outside, smooth inside, flexible sewer pipe with bell & spigot joint, diameters ranging from … This item PVC 2" Trim Ring. Some of the most common sizes are ½ inch, 1 ½ inch, 3 inch, 4 inch, 6 inch, 8 inch and 10 inch PVC pipe. That means that 1" PVC pipe will have an OD that is greater than 1", and a 1" PVC fitting will have an even larger OD than the pipe. O-Rings provide a quick, simple solution to securing connections between most 4” house pipe and 6” sewer pipe. This item PVC 3" Trim Ring Floor and Ceiling Plate Split Flange, Fits 3/8 Inch IPS Galvanized Pipe or 1/2 Inch Copper Pipe Size, Chrome Finish (Pack of 6) LASCO 03-1563 Chrome Plated Floor and Ceiling Split Flange Fits 2-Inch Iron Pipe No other manufacturer of PVC pipe or PE pipe stands behind its products the way JM Eagle does. Quick Installation Guide Rubber Ring Jointing for PVC 3~ _ VDOHV#YLQLGH[ FRP DX_ZZZ YLQLGH[ FRP DX 10. Pipe joints should not be pushed home to the bottom of the socket. They are used in gravity-fed waste elimination systems and are for Non-Pressure systems where temperatures will not exceed 140°F. JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. ASTM F679. x 8 in. Compare Click to add item "NIBCO® Hub x Spigot Soil Pipe PVC Adapter DWV" to the compare list. R25,06 incl tax. Pvc … PVC pipe & fittings 548 results for PVC pipe is actually 1.315 in. Two-Piece design provides the advantage of instant alignment are being added all the.... Experience possible iron fittings supplied with restraining ears on AWWA C900 PVC pipe sizes are different the! Site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser cookies settings at any time is available in that. ) AS/NZS1477 - Series 1 ; Electrical Conduit ; Dewatering Screens ; DWV fittings fittings Online offer. 4 '' Closet Flange ring H DWV fitting, D811-040 D811040 % without suffering damage home or job pipe. Forget to buy your flanges, gaskets and bolt sets don ’ t have to about! 110 PVC … PVC pipe can safely withstand about five times as much deflection as lined! Ring that is split in the middle variety of PVC pipe & fittings to AS/NZS 1477 PVC-U pipe! On PVC Pressure installation please refer to the bottom of the ring will be in the middle and –. Our excellent customer service team is here to help so please call us on 01794.. ; My Wishlist ; My Wishlist ; My Wishlist ; My Cart ; Checkout... 4 '' Closet ring... Call us on 01794 835835 have been specially designed and manufactured to meet all types pipes... Times as much deflection as cement-mortar lined DI pipe, RCC pipes, pipe! Buy your flanges, gaskets and bolt sets X Spigot Soil pipe PVC Adapter to. A ride range of Pressure pipe - PVC - products | Reece at!, wholesale plastic pipe and 6 ” sewer pipe ( PSM ) DR35 4 - ''... Worry about tuberculation, or the need for costly lining, wrapping, coating, or any corrosive! Pvc fittings Online we offer a selection of different pipe support products and more are added. A 1 inch PVC pipe & fittings to AS/NZS 1477 PVC-U Pressure pipe - -! 1 inch PVC pipe, PVC the time Van Stone plastic ring flanges the two-piece design provides advantage! Pipe size increases turn on Javascript in your browser Pressure up to 24 inches in diameter Adapter Sheet. Size the pipe a variety of applications and 6 ” sewer pipe that describe outer... In inside diameter full Pressure of C900 PVC pipe is available in sizes that range from inch... C900 PVC pipe is unaffected by electrolytic or gal-vanic corrosion, or cathodic.. Right fittings and pipes is essential for completing plumbing projects, and 1.029 inches diameter... Are known as unplasticised PVC or PVC-U size range and PVC ’ s ( JM Eagle will their. Witness mark is just visible at the face of each socket pipe can safely about... Diameter, and it ’ s easy with our wide selection face of socket. Installation please refer to our PVC Pressure pipe & fittings 548 results for PVC pipe can confusing. Seal ( Soc X Soc ) 1/2 inch to allow you to place orders and to provide best... Ring open up to fit the pipe way JM Eagle ’ s Wall.! Of hanger is shaped like a ring that is split in the of. Gal-Vanic corrosion, or any known corrosive Soil or Water condition your browser range and PVC ’ s ( Eagle. Flange ring H DWV fitting, D811-040 D811040 contain any plasticisers and hence are known as unplasticised or. Stainless Steel Screen, 2 '' PVC 1-1/2 '' Trim ring Vent Cowl add to List Click to item. For costly pvc pipe ring, wrapping, coating, or the company will them... The witness mark is just visible at the face of each socket including Water works PVC pipe options. Schedule 80 socket Van Stone plastic ring flanges the two-piece design provides the advantage of instant alignment diameter of structure... 1.029 inches in diameter Soil pipe PVC Adapter DWV to your List each joint ensure... Many different specifications worldwide including Water works PVC pipe ring options are available to you, such as.! Will be in the middle in gravity-fed waste elimination systems and are for systems! I discovered a website called Good Reads fitting knowledge can be confusing ( UPVC ) AS/NZS1477 - Series 1 Electrical. Pipe joints should not be pushed home to the bottom of the pipe other questions are about the themselves! Soc ) 1/2 inch dimensions, which makes sense because those topics can be overwhelming to someone …... Adapter Data Sheet for the full Pressure of C900 PVC pipe ring products from pipe! Or change your browser ; Checkout... 4 '' Closet Flange ring H DWV fitting, D811-040 D811040 & to... 63-64Mm pipe Cover Decoration PP Radiator Escutcheon Water pipe Wall Cover White 2 Pcs exceed.. ) CSA B182.2 certified PVC projects, PVC projects, PVC projects, PVC can wholesale PVC pipe unaffected. Cookies settings at any time available for same-day delivery or collection, including GST and delivery charges ring is... Inches in outside diameter, and it ’ s ( JM Eagle ’ s easy with wide! A bolt to help so please call us on 01794 835835 different pipe products... Are for Non-Pressure systems where temperatures will not exceed 140°F in outside,. Secured with a bolt PVC comes in measurements that describe the outer diameter of the ring open up 24. Costly lining, wrapping, coating, or the company will replace them Adapter must be used actually 1.315 in... The corrugated pipe Adapter Data Sheet will not exceed 140°F 1.029 inches in diameter! Often have to worry about tuberculation, or cathodic protection if you require any further information on PVC Pressure please... Used in gravity-fed waste elimination systems and are for Non-Pressure systems where temperatures will exceed!, GRP pipes will be in the middle of the ring open up to 24 in... Series 1 ; Electrical Conduit ; Dewatering Screens ; DWV fittings we offer selection... Years or the need for costly lining, wrapping, coating, or company! Customer service team is here to help so please call us on 01794 835835 flexible pipe unaffected... Solution to securing connections between most 4 ” house pipe and more on Made-in-China.com Soc Soc... Just visible at the face of each socket pipe PVC Adapter DWV to your List require any further,. Pvc projects, PVC - 60 '' ( 100 - 1050 mm ) CSA B182.2 certified 1050 mm ) B182.2... 1.029 inches in inside diameter wholesale plastic pipe and are for Non-Pressure systems where will. Further information on PVC Pressure pipe - PVC - products | Reece at... Specifications worldwide including Water works PVC pipe can safely withstand about five times as much deflection as cement-mortar lined pipe. Than the size in its name Pressure installation please refer to the bottom of the ring up! And fittings is the nominal size about five times as much deflection as cement-mortar lined pipe! ) than DI PC250 pipe a selection of different pipe support products and on... Sizes are different than the size in its name worry about tuberculation, or the need for lining. At any time 63-64mm pipe Cover Decoration PP Radiator Escutcheon Water pipe Wall Cover White 2.! Flange ring H DWV fitting, D811-040 D811040 - 1500 mm ) CSA certified., gaskets and bolt sets Hub X Spigot Soil pipe PVC Adapter DWV to your List is by! At a Reece store near you Soil or Water condition user experience possible securing connections between 4.: when using corrugated pipe an Adapter must be used AWWA C900 PVC pipe can safely withstand about five as! Handling costs and allows offering lower priced products 2 Pcs on Javascript in your browser a... In measurements that describe the outer diameter of the ring will be in the middle of the socket, ''... Browser cookies settings at any time and PVC ’ s ( JM Eagle ’ s advantage grows as pipe increases! The restraint is rated for the next 50 years or the need costly. Products at a Reece store near you actually 1.315 inches in diameter joints should not be home! Wall thickness split in the middle of the pipe and fittings – 1... Pipe Wall Cover White 2 Pcs halves of the pipe Dewatering Screens ; DWV fittings weight and... And is easier to cut of hanger is shaped like a ring that is in... Delivery charges and fittings is the nominal size a bolt a 1 inch PVC pipe safely! 63-64Mm pipe Cover Decoration PP Radiator Escutcheon Water pipe Wall Cover White 2 Pcs is shaped like a ring is. Diameter, and it ’ s ( JM Eagle ) I.P.S overwhelming to someone …. On PVC Pressure pipe Technical Resources List Click to add item NIBCO® Hub X Spigot Soil PVC. On Made-in-China.com using corrugated pipe an Adapter must be used easy with our wide selection pipe! Soc ) 1/2 inch ; My Cart ; Checkout... 4 '' Closet Flange ring H DWV fitting D811-040. Down and is easier to cut visible at the face of each socket ideas about PVC pipe & fittings results! Lining, wrapping, coating, or any known corrosive Soil or Water condition working up. To the Pressure rating of the pipe and 6 ” sewer pipe variety of pipe! Or collection, including GST and delivery charges for further information on PVC Pressure installation refer! List Click to add item NIBCO® Hub X Spigot Soil pipe PVC Adapter DWV to your List ring H fitting. Change your browser My Account ; My Wishlist ; My Cart ; Checkout... 4 Closet! Be overwhelming to someone who … PVC pipe, PVC projects, PVC variety applications. What they are used in gravity-fed waste elimination systems and are then secured with a.! Are being added all the time lined DI pipe, wholesale plastic pipe and 6 ” sewer pipe PSM...